Louisiana Ophthalmology Association
an organization of Eye MDs
of the Louisiana Ophthalmology Association is to serve the total visual health care needs of the people of the Louisiana through public and professional education, membership services and legislative advocacy.
Our Goal of the Louisiana Ophthalmology Association is to provide the public direct access to ophthalmic care. A non-profit organization, LOA member ophthalmologists are medical doctors specializing in the evaluation and treatment of the normal and abnormal eye.
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What is an Ophthalmologist?
Ophthalmologists, also known as Eye M.D.s, are Medical Doctors (M.D.) or Doctors of Osteopathy (D.O.) who specialize in the medical and surgical care of the eyes and visual system, and in the prevention of eye disease and injury. Before going into practice they have completed four or more years of college in a premedical curriculum, four or more years of medical school, one year of internship, and three or more years of specialized medical surgical and refractive training and experience in eye care.
Ophthalmologists can deliver total eye care including primary, secondary, and tertiary care. Specifically, ophthalmologists can provide vision services, contact lenses, eye examinations, medical eye care, and surgical eye care, diagnose and treat ocular manifestations of systemic diseases.
After completing 4 years of undergraduate study at a college or university, ophthalmologists attend 4 years of medical school to obtain an M.D. or D.O. degree. After graduating from medical school, they complete a 1-year internship and 3 years of training in ophthalmology in a residency program approved by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Following residency, ophthalmologists may enroll in a 1- to 2-year fellowship program. A fellowship offers the opportunity to develop expertise in a subspecialty such as:
• Corneal diseases
• Retina and vitreous diseases
• Pediatric eye problems
• Plastic surgery
What is an Optometrist?
An optometrist is a health service provider who is involved with vision problems only. Optometrists are specifically educated and trained by an accredited optometry college in a four-year course. Optometrists do not attend Medical School. They are state licensed to examine the eyes and determine the presence of vision problems. Optometrists determine visual acuity and prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, and eye exercises. Optometrists may perform all services listed under the definition of an optician. Most states have passed legislation that permits optometrists to give limited treatment of some eye conditions.
What is an Optician?
An optician is a professional technician who makes, verifies, delivers and fits lenses, frames, and specially fabricated optical devices and/or contact lenses under prescription to the intended wearer. The optician's functions include prescription analysis and interpretation; determination of the lens forms best suited to the wearer's needs; the preparation and delivery of work orders for the grinding of lenses and the fabrication of eyewear; the verification of the finished ophthalmic products; and the adjustment, replacement, repair, and reproduction of previously prepared ophthalmic lenses, frames and other specially fabricated ophthalmic devices.
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